Another notable army commander, Garegin Nzhdeh, lived in Boston, Massachusetts from 1933 to 1937, where he based the Armenian Youth Federation. Drastamat Kanayan , the Defense Minister of Armenia from 1918 to 1919, lived in America after World War II and was shortly arrested for collaborating with the Nazis. His funeral ceremony was held in Trinity Church within the City of Boston in 1956. Shahan Natalie, a Dashnak activist, organized the Operation Nemesis within the early Twenties, throughout which quite a few Armenian Genocide perpetrators were murdered. From 1910 to 1912 he studied on the Boston University and died in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1983.
Hetanism (Հեթանոսություն, Hetanosutyun) is a neo-ethnic faith movement in Armenia. Adherents call themselves “Hetans” (Hetanos հեթանոս, the Old Armenian biblical time period loaned from Greek ἐθνικός “gentile”). The movement traces its origins back to the work of the early-20th-century political thinker and revolutionary Garegin Nzhdeh and his doctrine of tseghakron . In 1991, it was institutionalized by the armenologist Slak Kakosyan into the “Order of the Children of Ari” . The motion is strongly related to Armenian nationalism.
Today, quite a few Armenian newspapers are published all through the country. Asbarez (Ասպարէզ, “Arena”) is the only daily, printed in Los Angeles since 1908.
The dioceses preserve strong connections to the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, and the current Supreme Patriarch, Karekin II, the 132nd Catholicos of All Armenians. After the World War II, Archbishop Tiran Nersoyan led the church via a second founding, which saw the framing of by-legal guidelines to manipulate the diocese, the creation of a nationwide youth group.
Of the estimated eight-10 million folks living exterior the Republic of Armenia who contemplate themselves “Armenians,” the GOAM and major Armenian cultural and advocacy organizations estimate that 1.5-2 million reside within the United States. This number ranks second after the estimated 2 to 2.5 million Armenians that stay a lot of the 12 months in Russia or different CIS Countries. Several main figures in the Armenian nationwide liberation motion of the early 20th century lived and/or died within the US. Among them have been Andranik Ozanian, a military commander who is taken into account a nationwide hero among Armenians, who lived in Fresno, California from 1922 and died in California in 1927.
Before this, the dominant religion was Armenian paganism, under the theological influence of Zoroastrianism. According to Pew Research publication in December 2018 Armenia is the 2nd most religious nation amongst 34 European nations with eighty% of respondents saying they believe in God with absolute certainty. As of 2011, most Armenians are Christians (ninety seven%) and are members of Armenia’s own church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, which is likely one of the oldest Christian churches. It was based within the 1st century AD, and in 301 AD turned the primary branch of Christianity to turn into a state religion.
Harry Tutunjian was the Republican mayor of Troy, New York from 2003 to 2012. Currently, two congresswoman of Armenian ancestry, Anna Eshoo and Jackie Speier, are within the workplace, both Democrats from California. Dr. Moses Housepian, an Armenian-American doctor born in the Armenian village of Kessab in Syria, was a medical relief employee in Russian Armenia through the Armenian genocide.
His son Dr. Edgar Housepian was a neurosurgeon, educator, and co-founding father of the Fund for Armenian Relief. Several official US paperwork describe the events as “genocide” (1975, 1984, 1996); President Ronald Reagan also described the occasions as “genocide” in a speech on April 22, 1981. House Committee on Foreign Affairs recognized the massacres of 1915 as “genocide.” Also, forty nine of the 50 US states have made individual proclamations recognizing the events of 1915 to 1923 as genocide. Homenetmen, an Armenian Revolutionary Federation-affiliated sports activities organization, may be very active within the United States, additionally engaged in scouting.
The Western US branch of Homenetmen holds the Navasartian Games in the Los Angeles space each summer season since 1975. Today, it brings collectively more than 6,000 athletes from 300 teams, 2,000 scouts. The first Armenian-language newspaper in the US, named Aregak (Արեգակ, “Sun”), was published in Jersey City in 1888.
The want for humanitarian relief to the Armenian homeland, in addition to outreach to refugees settling throughout the US , led to the creation of the Fund for Armenian Relief—through which the church delivers material and medical aid to Armenia. Most Armenian Americans are adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the most important Oriental Orthodox church within the US. It was reported that eighty% of Armenian Americans are Armenian Apostolic, 10% are Protestant and 3% are Armenian Catholic. Of the 339,732 Armenian Americans who’re 25 or above, 26% are with a college degree, and 26,1% hold a bachelor’s diploma.
Hairenik (Հայրենիք, “Fatherland”) is revealed since 1899 in Boston. Both are affiliated with the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. Other notable weeklies embody The Armenian Weekly, Armenian Mirror-Spectator, Nor Hayastan (Նոր Հայաստան, “New Armenia”), The Armenian Reporter. Today, more than a hundred and twenty Armenian parish communities exist on the continent, with two-thirds operating as fully organized churches with sanctuaries. Archbishop Khajag Barsamian is primate of the Eastern Diocese ; Archbishop Hovnan Derderian of the Western Diocese .
the initiation of a project to build an Armenian cathedral in Manhattan and the entry of the Armenian Church into the ecumenical movement. The center Nineteen Fifties noticed an uptick in immigration and a constructing increase of Armenian church buildings, with new communities proliferating throughout the US.
A generation of leaders born in America additionally started to exert itself. The first American-born Armenian priest was ordained in 1956. In 1961, St. Nersess Armenian Seminary was established in Illinois . A spirit of renewed vigor was embodied by Archbishop Torkom Manoogian, who ruled the diocese as primate from 1966 to 1990. These developments refocused the priorities of the Armenian Church in America.
It finds some assist from nationalist political events of Armenia, particularly the Republican Party of Armenia and the Union of Armenian Aryans. According to tradition, Christianity was first launched to this area by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus within the 1st century AD. Armenia became https://yourmailorderbride.com/armenian-women/ the first country to establish Christianity as its state religion when, in an event traditionally dated to 301 AD, St. Gregory the Illuminator satisfied Tiridates III, the king of Armenia, to transform to Christianity.
Paul Robert Ignatius served as the US Secretary of the Navy from 1967 to 1969 within the Lyndon Johnson’s administration. Ken Khachigian was the chief speechwriter for President Ronald Reagan. He can be identified for Reagan’s characterization of 1915 events as “genocide” in 1981. Diplomat Edward Djerejian was the US ambassador in Syria then Israel within the Nineteen Nineties.